Venice was founded in the 1st century AD by the Venetians seeking shelter from Goth attack. It was a world power from the 12th to the 14th century and controlled the Mediterranean trade until the 17th century. The Grand Canal is the showcase of its history, with nearly every pallazio bearing the name of a once- grand family.
This city is a unique and one of our favorite.
Saint Mark's Basilica. The cathedral of Venice, is the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. The first St Mark's was a temporary building in the Doge's Palace, constructed in 828, when Venetian merchants stole the supposed relics of Saint-Mark the Evangelist from Alexandria.
The carvings on the upper profile of the facade date from the 15th century.
Venice stretches across 118 small islands in the marshy Venetian lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. The saltwater lagoon stretches along the shoreline between the mouths of the Po (south) and the Plave (north) Rivers. The population estimate of 272,000 inhabitants.
The gondola is a traditional Venetian rowing boat. Gondolas were for centuries the chief means of transportation within Venice and still have a role in public transport, serving as ferries over the Grand Canal. Their primary role, however, is to carry tourists on rides at established prices. We did not try one during our stay. It is quite pricey...
The Bridge of Sighs is one of many bridges in Venice. It passes over the Rio di Palazzo and connects the old prisons to the interrogation rooms in the Doge's Palace It was designed by Antoni Contino and built in 1602.
The view from the Bridge of Sighs was the last view of Venice that convicts saw before their imprisonment. The name "Bridge of Sighs" was reportedly given by the British poet Lord Byron.
Teatro La Fenice is one of "the most famous and renowned landmarks in the history of Italian theatre", and in the history of opera as a whole. Especially in the 19th century, La Fenice became the site of many famous operatic premieres at which the works of several of the four major bel canto era composers – Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Verdi – were performed.
Its name reflects its role in permitting an opera company to
"rise from the ashes" despite losing the use of three theatres to fire,
the first in 1774 after the city's leading house was destroyed and
rebuilt but not opened until 1792; the second fire came in 1836, but
rebuilding was completed within a year.
However, the third fire was the result of arson. It destroyed the house in 1996 leaving only the exterior walls, but it was rebuilt and re-opened in November 2004.
Following WWII ? and her 1946 divorce from Max Ernst. Peggy Guggenheim closed teh Art of this Century Gallery in 1947, and returned to Europe; deciding to live in Venice.
In 1948, she was invited to exhibit her collection in the disused Greek Pavilion of the Venice Biennale and eventually established herself in the Palazzo Venier dei Leoni on the Grand Canal.
Her collection became one of the few European collections of modern art to promote a significant amount of works by Americans.