The zzzland Times

Our travel
memories

                           Oslo, Norway            

Founded in the year 1040, and established as a trading place in 1048 by Harald  Hardrada, the city was elevated to a bishoric (Note: Oslo bishopric is the Church of Norway's bishoptic for the municipalities of  Oslo) in 1070 and a capital under Haakon V of Norway around 1300.


Personal unions with Denmark from 1397 to 1523. and again from 1536 to 1814 (Note: A personal union is the combination of two or more states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct) and with Sweden from 1814 to 1905 reduced its influence.


After being destroyed by a fire in 1624, during the reign of King Christian IV, a new city was built closer to Akesrhus fortress and named Christiana  in the king's honour.

It was established as a munipality on 1 January 1838.


The city's name was spelled Kristiania from 1877 and 1897 by state and municipal authorities, respectively.

In 1925 it was renamed Oslo.

Picture taken in August 2016-

The MS Koningsdam.


We disembarked in Oslo at the same place we did 15 years earlier.

Picture taken in 2001

Picture taken in 2016

Picture taken in 2001.

Viking Ship Museum located at Bygdey

The museum is most famous for the completely whole Oseberg ship , excavated from the largest known ship burial in the world. Additionally, the Viking Age display includes sledges, beds, a horse cart, wood carving, tent components, buckets and other grave goods.

Pictures taken in 2001

Holmenkollbakken is a large ski jumping hill  located at Holmenkollen  Oslo, Norway.

Holmenkollen has hosted the 1952 Winter Olympics.

We visited the installations.

Traditionally, Drøbak was the winter harbour of Norway's capital, Oslo, since in severe winters the fjord will freeze from outside Drøbak all the way up to Oslo.

Drøbak is a small town and the centre of the municipality of Frogn, in Arkershus county.

The city is located along the Ostofjord.


Picture to the left: Town square

The NORSE form of the name was Drjúgbakki. The first element is drjúgr 'hard; long', the last element is bakki m '(up)hill'. This is related to the very steep roads winding down into the city center of Drøbak.

A notable event in Drøbak's history is the WWII Isinking of the German cruiser Blucher in the Drøbak narrows 1.5 km wide, on the early morning of 9 April 1940. The cruiser was transporting German soldiers and bureaucrats for the planned swift occupation of Oslo, but the battle resulting in the sinking by the Oscarsborg fortress delayed this, and thus allowed for the evacuation of the Norwegian Royal family. parliament, and the cabinet (the lucky ones...), and for the nation's gold reserves to be denied the occupiers.

German cruiser Blucher's anchor.

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