Updated September 2020
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Florence lies on the River Arno and is known for its history and its importance in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, especially for its art and architecture. A centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the richest and wealthiest cities of the time, Florence. It was long under the de facto rule of the Medici family. From 1865 to 1870 the city was also the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
The Palazzo Pitti is a vast mainly Renaissance palace. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short walk from the Ponte Vecchio bridge. The core of the present palace dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker.
The palace was bought by the Medici family in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions.
It is massive site, We visited the Siilver and Costume museums. We also walked around the Boboli Gardens. It rises sharply but provides great views of the palace and of Florence once you've made your way to the top and the Belvedere. The Porcelaine museum is located up there, but we didn't visit it. The Palace is well worth a visit.
The construction of the Duomo, the Cathedral also called Santa Maria del Fiore, was started by Arnolfo di Cambio on the 8th September 1296. It is the & fourth longest church in the world (after Saint Peter in Rome, Saint Paul in London and the Cathedral in Milan). A competition was held for the dome in 1418 and, after many doubts, Filippo Brunelleschi's project was accepted in 1420. The church, dedicated to Santa Maria del Fiore (fiore referring to Florence) was consecrated on the 25 of March, 1436. The differences in the various parts of the Cathedral show the evident changes in taste in 200 years.
Gates of Paradise, Florence Baptistry
The Baptistry, built about 1050, has a central plan, with eight sides and three doors--doors on the east, north, and south. The south door, finished in 1330 by Pisano, have quatrefoils with eight seated Virtues and 20 scenes from the life of John the Baptist. (The baptistry is dedicated to him--as many were.) Ghiberti designed the north-doors, 1404-24, using the same quatrefoil format as Pisano and with the same number of reliefs--28. His second set of doors--the so-called Gates of Paradise, however, have much larger panels and use a square format rather than the medieval quatrefoil. Thus, they can accommodate several scenes relating to one Old Testament hero and use many figures (more than a hundred in some panels) and extensive details. These doors depict events from the Creation to the reign of Solomon.
View from inside the Duomo
The Last Judgment
Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici decided to have the dome painted with a representation of The Last Judgment. This enormous work, 38 750 ft² of painted surface, was started in 1568 by Giorgio Vasari and Frederico Zuccari and would last till 1579.
The Gothic church of Santa Croce contains the tombs and monuments of many famous Florentines, among them Galileo,Michelangelo and Machiavelli.
From the Galleria dell'Accademia, Firenza