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                           Tallinn, Estonia

                              

Tallinn means Danish town.

Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.

           

You can  more of this charming city and country by clicking on this site: http://www.riik.ee/ 

 Climbed the steps of St-Olaf Church to get this vistas of Tallinn. (123.7 m)

 

St-Olav Church 

    Once upon a time, from 1549 to 1625 to be exact, this 13th-century church was the tallest building in the world. But its gigantic, 159-metre spire, which was probably meant to act as a signpost for approaching ships, also turned out to be a very effective lightning rod. Throughout the church's history its steeple has been hit repeatedly by lightning, completely burning down the structure three times.

    Nowadays its smaller, 124-metre steeple still dwarfs most of Tallinn’s buildings and remains an important symbol of the town.

 

The Old Town 

Town square in this charming city.  It was also the site of executions in Medivial times. Estonia is one three Baltic countries, the other two being Latvia and Lithuania.

 

An old clock... 

   Just off Town Hall Square stands a radiant, white church with an octagonal tower. This is the 14th-century Holy Spirit Church, a spectacular structure both inside and out.

   The elaborate painted clock on its façade is Tallinn's oldest public timepiece, dating to the late 17th century.

 

 Building that is now converted into the Museum.  

Tallinn has historically consisted of three parts:

  • The Toompea or "Cathedral Hill", which was the seat of the central authority: first the Danish captains, then the komturs of the Teutonic Order, and Swedish and Russian governors. It was until 1877 a separate town (Dom zu Reval), the residence of the aristocracy; it is today the seat of the Estonian government and many embassies and residencies.
  • The Old Town, which is the old Hanseatic town, the "city of the citizens", was not administratively united with Cathedral Hill until the late 19th century. It was the centre of the medieval trade on which it grew prosperous.
  • The Estonian town forms a crescent to the south of the Old Town, where the Estonians came to settle. It was not until the mid-19th century that ethnic Estonians replaced the local Baltic Germans as the majority amongst the residents of Tallinn.    

 

 

 

  

Dominican Monastery is the oldest cloister in downtown Tallinn. The Monastery was founded in 1246. The structure of the building is that of a typical Catholic cloister. The most powerful building in the cloister complex is the church. St. Catherine’s Church is thought to have reached its present state at the end of the 14th century and in surface area was the largest downtown church of its time.                   

Bought a nice hand-woven wool sweater in this market. Prices are a lot cheaper than can be found on the other side of the Baltic in, for instance, Oslo.

Viru Gate, entrance to the Old Town. One of two remaining towers that were once part of a larger gate system built in the 14th century.

Historically, the city has been attacked, sacked, razed and pillaged on numerous occasions. Although extensively bombed by Soviet air forces during the latter stages of World War II, much of the medieval Old Town still retains its charm.

   

 

Eduard Vilde (4 March 1865 in Pudivere, Väike-Maarja Parish, Lääne-Viru County — 26 December 1933 in Tallinn was an Estonian writer and a pioneer of critical realism in Estonian literature.

In the philosophy of perception, critical realism is the theory that some of our sense-data (for example, those of primary qualities) can and do accurately represent external objects, properties, and events, while other of our sense-data (for example, those of secondary qualities and perceptual illusions) do not accurately represent any external objects, properties, and events.

 

   

  

This spectacular, onion-domed structure perched atop Toompea Hill is Estonia's main Russian Orthodox cathedral. Built in 1900, when Estonia was part of the tsarist Russian empire, the cathedral was originally intended as a symbol of the empire's dominance – both religious and political – over this increasingly unruly Baltic territory.

The cathedral was dedicated to the Prince of Novgorod, Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky, who led the famous Battle of the Ice at Lake Peipsi in 1242. 

 

 

 

 

    

Site of theFlower festival located just outside of the old city walls...     

 

Bottom line: Tallinn is well worth a visit. The old town is beautiful. Not too much has changed since our last visit 8 years ago. It is a clean, welcoming city. 

 

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